Background and Context




  • Rothstein, R. (2017). The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. Liveright Publishing Corporation. (A classic already.)
  • Sharene Razack (ed) Race, Space, and the Law
  • Anthony Pietella, Not in My Neighborhood (Baltimore Specific)
  • SOURCE: The Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Systemic Racism in Urban Environments
  • SOURCE: Eco-Apartheid Is Real
  • SOURCE: Unequal Impact: The Deep Links Between Racism and Climate Change 
  • Ecology of Segregation Papers
  • Brown, L. T. (2021). The Black Butterfly: The Harmful Politics of Race and Space in America. JHU Press. (Formerly of Morgan State in Baltimore — generally applicable, but much depth on Baltimore which has been a pioneer in cycles of anti-Black segregation. An example of deep scholarship and a Black voice. A nice trope of his is that redlining isn’t something only in the past.)
  • Locke, D. H., Hall, B., Grove, J. M., Pickett, S. T. A., Ogden, L. A., Aoki, C., Boone, C. G., & O’Neil-Dunne, J. P. M. (2021). Residential housing segregation and urban tree canopy in 37 US Cities. Npj Urban Sustainability, 1(1), 1–9. (Some work from our own group. Also points to redlining as a past and present environmental harm via segregation.)
  • Hackworth, J. (2019). Manufacturing Decline: How Racism and the Conservative Movement Crush the American Rust Belt (p. 336 Pages). Columbia University Press. (Important for showing how segregation as process and constraint are not just a within-city thing, but that it operates via differentiation and concentration of power in suburbs, extra-urban counties, and conservative state legislatures that constrain city resources and authority.)

Uneven Exposure to Hazards / Uneven Environmental Development

  • Classic EJ lit
  • Critical EJ lit
  • Dina Gilio-Whitaker, As Long as Grass Grows: The indigenous fight for environmental justice
  • Infrastructure histories more broadly